The Most Common Birth Injuries

The Most Common Birth Injuries

Posted By Maher Law Firm || 3-Apr-2018

Bringing a child into the world is one of the greatest joys parents can experience together. Unfortunately, sometimes this moment of joy is marred by terrible errors that cause an infant to sustain an injury, which could potentially alter the course of his or her future and create the need for lifelong care. While some birth injuries are not caused by negligent health care, a vast majority are a result of medical malpractice.

Below is a list of some of the most common types of birth injuries caused by medical negligence, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):

  • Brachial Palsy Injuries: These types of injuries include Erb’s palsy and Klumpke’s palsy, which both occur when the bundle of nerves responsible for the movement of the arms and hands sustain damage. Dystocia, which is a condition that occurs when an infant’s shoulders become trapped in the mother’s pelvic bone during the delivery process, is one of the most common reasons for brachial plexus injuries. If a physician were to pull too hard or incorrectly during his or her attempt to deliver the baby, the brachial plexus could be injured.
  • Facial Paralysis: If too much pressure is placed on the infant’s face during the delivery period, this could result in damaged nerves. It is an injury that frequently occurs when the delivering physician uses forceps or a vacuum extraction tool to pull the baby out. Newborns who sustain this injury often experience the inability to close the eye on the affected side and there is usually no movement on the affected side of the baby’s face. In cases where this injury is not particularly severe, it is possible for the effects of it to clear up within a few weeks. However, in severe cases, it could lead to total paralysis on the side of the affected face of the infant.
  • Brain Injuries: Brain injuries can occur in a number of ways, including a prolapsed umbilical cord or allowing the infant to stay in the birth canal for too long, and can cause a variety of injuries. One of the most common causes of brain injuries during the delivery process is oxygen deprivation. It can cause several different medical issues, including cerebral palsy and chronic seizures. Many experts suggest that even mild oxygen deprivation can result in severe injuries, including intellectual disabilities or long-term physical problems that necessitate round-the-clock care.
  • Fractures: The most common fracture injury is to the clavicle, which usually occurs when the delivering physician pulls too hard on the infant while it is in the breech position. This type of fracture injury can also be sustained when the shoulder is violently pulled on during a long and difficult delivery. An infant who has suffered this injury usually cannot move the arm on the side of the fracture. Thankfully, this is one of the few common injuries that will almost always heal relatively quickly. It might take approximately 10 days for an infant to achieve recovery from a fractured clavicle.
  • Cephalohematoma: This injury usually appears several hours after a baby is delivered and is marked by a raised bump that appears atop the infant’s head. The bump is a sign of the bleeding that is occurring beneath the cranium, typically directly under one of the cranial bones. Birth assistance tools are the most common culprit for causing cephalohematoma and, while the bump will clear up within a few months, there is still a risk of further complications, such as jaundice, anemia, and hypotension. In rare cases, it is possible for cephalohematoma to eventually lead to meningitis.
  • Caput succedaneum: An infant who sustains this injury will exhibit serious swelling of the soft tissues on his or her scalp. This injury usually develops as the infant makes its way down the birth canal and is commonly caused by the improper use of a vacuum extraction tool. The intense swelling associated with this particular injury usually reduces within days after delivery, though it is always possible for complications to occur as a result.

If you believe your baby sustained an injury as a result of negligent healthcare, it is imperative that you seek professional legal assistance as soon as possible to fight for the compensation you will need during this difficult time.

Birth Injury Attorneys in Orlando

If your baby was injured by a negligent medical professional, you need to speak with an attorney at The Maher Law Firm. Our Orlando team of medical malpractice attorneys has handled countless birth injury cases and successfully proven the negligence of medical professionals and hospitals. Let us fight on your behalf and secure the compensation your family deserves.

Backed by over 40 years of legal experience, you can be confident in our team’s ability to represent you.

Contact our office today at (855) 338-0720 to schedule your free initial case evaluation.

Categories: Medical Malpractice
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