Antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft and Celexa have been associated
to premature birth.
Researchers find that women taking antidepressants during pregnancy are
at a higher risk for premature delivery or seizures soon after giving birth.
Women who took antidepressants during the second trimester of pregnancy
had their babies four to five days sooner compared to other babies according
to Reuters Health. In addition, researchers found that newborns were more
likely to have seizures if their mother took antidepressants during the
Potential risks of taking antidepressants during pregnancy varies, according
to the Mayo Clinic.
“Some research associates use of citalopram (Celexa) fluoxetine (Prozac)
and sertraline (Zoloft) with a rare but serious newborn lung problem (persistent
pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, or PPHN) when taken during the
last half of pregnancy, as well as heart defects affecting the septum
– the wall of tissue that separates the left side of the heart from
the right side of the heart. Other rare birth defects have been suggested
as a possible risk in some studies, but no others.”
The research also revealed that women who have depression during pregnancy
and choose not to take antidepressants are not at a higher risk of having
premature births in comparison to women who are not depressed.
“This study tells them they should not worry that they are somehow
compromising their pregnancy because they are depressed. And when considering
whether to take medication for depression, women should understand that
the risk of preterm birth is only one of many factors they should weigh.”
Said Dr. Kimberly Yonkers, MD, professor of psychiatry and of obstetrics,
gynecology, and reproductive sciences at Yale.
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